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1960s

Sam Gopal's Dream

Named after the tabla player, Sam Gopal's Dream were regulars on London's underground, playing at the UFO, Middle Earth, etc. They later released one eponymous album which featured Ian "Lemmy" Willis on guitar and vocals.

Founded: 1967

Location: London, England

Website: Tabla Music by Sam Gopal

Skin Alley

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As with other Clearwater Production groups, Skin Alley had their roots in the London underground and free festival scene. After recording two albums for CBS the band signed with Transatlantic, who licensed two albums to the famous US Stax label. Latter albums feature the Daltrey-esque vocals of Nick Graham. Thomas Crimble left to work with Hawkwind.

Founded: 1968

Location: London, England

Soft Machine, The

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One of two Canterbury bands formed from the Wilde Flowers, Soft Machine's earliest days were in the psychedelia of London's underground of the late 60s. By Third however the band matured into one of Britain's finest jazz-fusion bands. After Robert Wyatt's departure in 1971, the band ventured further and further into a jazz-idiom, gaining members from Ian Carr's Nucleus along the way. Archival material on Cuneiform is highly recommended.

Founded: 1966

Location: Canterbury, England

Website: SOFT MACHINE (Calyx site)

Members:

Strawbs

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One of Britain's original folk-rock groups

Founded: 1967

Location: London, England

Website: StrawbsWeb - The Strawbs Official Home Page

Syn, The

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With Pete Banks, Chris Squire as a core, The Syn were the pre-cursor to Maybel Greer's Toyshop (and Yes), releasing a handful of singles in the late 60s. The latter-day reformation was primarily a vanity project for Steve Nardelli, though the albums are of some particular note, as well as the controversy.

Founded: 1965

Location: London, England

Website: The SYN

Tangerine Dream

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From their "free-rock" beginnings in the Berlin underground to the eventual triple-keyboard standard that signed to Virgin Records, Tangerine Dream earns significant credit in introducing synthesizer/sequenced electronic music to the world. During the mid to late 70s - their spacey, pulsating music earned them a cult following worldwide. The 80s saw the band releasing lucrative soundtrack work, before settling into the new age bins.

Founded: 1967

Location: Berlin, Germany

Website: Tangerine Dream | www.tangerinedream-music.com

Tomorrow

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In the beginning there was psychedelia - inspired by the liberation of drug culture, supported by the new "Underground" and musically, and bringing novel invention to music. Tomorrow were one of London's darlings during their short existence, but commercial success never quite came their way.

Founded: 1966

Location: London, England

Tony Williams Lifetime, The

Tony Williams, John McLaughlin and Larry Young. The birth of fusion.

Founded: 1969

Location: New York City, New York

Traffic

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Steve Winwood was already well known as the voice behind Spencer Davis Group before he started Traffic. The band always kept its R&B roots as it moved from the psychedelic pop of the first two studio albums into more progressive, jazzy territory that focused on the writing ability of Winwood and the musicianship of Jim Capaldi, Chris Wood and others.

Founded: 1967

Location: Birmingham, England

Trip, The

Originally called Maiocchi and the Trip, The Trip were an Anglo-Italian band based out of Italy. Early member included Ritchie Blackmore (later of Deep Purple fame). After their first album, later albums featured more ELP-inspired music, and the keyboards of Joe Vescovi.

Founded: 1966

Location: London, England