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1970s

Celeste

Relatively obscure group from Sanremo that released one eponymous album in 1976. Considered a classic, it was released on the Grog label.

Founded: 1976

Location: Sanremo, Liguria

Website: Myspace

Cervello

Corrado Rustici's first band, brother of Danilo Rustici of Osanna.

Founded: 1972

Location: Naples, Italy

Cherry Five

The precursor to Goblin, Cherry Five spent time in London prior to recording their first and only album.

Founded: 1973

Location: Rome, Italy

Cid, José

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Born José Albano Cid de Ferreira Tavares, Cid was a member of the Portugese band Quarteto 111, but best known in progressive circles for creating the symphonic masterpiece, 10,000 Anos Depois Entre Venus e Marte. Later Cid performed in the Eurovision contest in 1980.

Founded: 1942

Location: Chamusca, Portugal

Website: José Cid

Città Frontale

The mother of all "Neopolitan" prog bands, Città Frontale was the precursor to Osanna and Balletto di Bronzo. Their eponymous record was recorded in the mid-70s.

Founded: 1970

Location: Naples, Italy

Clearlight

Project led by French keyboardist Cyrille Verdeaux

Founded: 1973

Location: Paris, France

Website: Welcome to Clearlight 888 Music

Clouds

Formed in 1966 and known as 1-2-3, the members of Clouds were one of the first proponents of organ-driven rock and their residency at the Marquee Club influenced many would-be prog rockers. Their set included a cover of Paul Simon's "America", the arrangement Yes nicked for their version. Bassist Ian Ellis, keyboardist Billy Ritchie and drummer Harry Hughes changed their name to Clouds when they signed to Island Records in 1967.

Founded: 1966

Location: Edinburgh, Central Scotland

Website: Clouds

Cluster

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Hans-Joachim Roedelius and Dieter Moebius parted ways with Conrad Schnitzler to form Cluster in 1971. Their improvised music proved ground breaking in terms of structure and timbre, mostly composed by treated instruments and electronic means. After leaving Berlin, they settled in Forst, Lower Saxony, and built a home studio, which fostered collaborations with many musicians, including Michael Rother, Conny Plank. Brian Eno and Mani Neumeier.

Founded: 1971

Location: Forst, Germany

Website: hans-joachim roedelius

Colosseum

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Led by Jon Hiseman, one of Britian's first jazz-rock bands. The core lineup came together in John Mayall's Bluesbreakers #89, for the Bare Wires album.

Founded: 1968

Location: London, England

Website: Welcome to Temple-Music

Colosseum II

Latter-day outfit from Jon Hiseman, known for good musicians and unspectacular music.

Founded: 1975

Location: London, England

Website: Welcome to Temple-Music